Small business owners and new generation operators in Melbourne who have just started a new business often get confused when talking about accounting terms. This is difficult to understand unless you seek help from professional Accounting Consulting Firms in Australia

Minor misunderstandings can lead to complications in analyzing financial statements and making wrong decisions based on unknown information. Therefore, it is important to have adequate knowledge about the concepts that form part of financial statements. In these terms, retained earnings are often confused with net profits. Although both terms are related to the financial condition of the company. But there are differences, let us help clear all your doubts about your net income and accumulated income.

Retained Earnings

The retained earnings are the backlog of the business after deducting all dividends paid to shareholders. Including profits earned over the years which have not been distributed and can be used for reinvestment for business expansion and growth. Therefore, the bookkeeper recommends using the accumulated profits to purchase equipment or pay off business debts.

Business owners can find profitable returns for shareholders on the balance sheet. Some bookkeepers like to establish monthly returns for management to control changes in amounts and identify factors affecting a given budget. 

Accumulated Profit Formula:

Initially retained earnings (from previous reporting period) + Net profit – Dividends

Assume that a growing business has sold some shares to interested parties and the resulting profit must be accounted for. Assume the initially realized profit is $1,000 and the current profit is $50,000. In addition, the company must pay a $10,000 dividend. So the retained earnings would be: $1,000 + $50,000 – $10,000 = $41,000. If the company does not pay dividends, there will be $51,000 that the bookkeeper can hold as a reserve. Note that in the initial state, the initial profit is always zero.

Why do Business Owners Need Retained Earnings?

The bookkeeper submits the details of the income collected in Melbourne to the business owner. Because this will help them understand whether they have the financial capacity to pay dividends to shareholders or not. If the net income is less, it can be booked and dividends can be paid later.

On the other hand, if they make large profits and initial profits are high, they can pay dividends and use the capital to reinvest in the business. Mortgage brokers and angel investors in Melbourne are also looking to build a business before investing. Because it gives them an idea of ​​the financial condition of the company.

Net profit

Net income, also known as net income, is calculated by subtracting business expenses from income, let’s say the income from working in Melbourne is $50,000 and the costs are $40,000, so the net income is $10,000.

If the firm’s net profit changes, the retained earnings will also change. For example, if net profit increases, retained earnings will increase and vice versa. A higher gross profit means that the business is doing well and making certain profits. While low numbers indicate shortages and losses. Net income affects costs and product sales. Similarly, dividends can also affect retained earnings. Paying cash or dividends may reduce the amount of income a Melbourne company receives. Therefore, a bookkeeper balances financial statements with advice.

Difference Between Retained Income and Net Income

Although retained earnings refer to net income. But not according to the retained earnings equation, net income affects retained earnings. However, it can be different for businesses. For example, a Melbourne company may have a positive net income.

However, retained earnings can be negative because you have to pay dividends. which may exceed the profit earned. Assume a Melbourne business has a net income of $20,000 and no opening earnings.

However, five shareholders must pay $5,000. Thus, the retained earnings will be:

0 USD + 20,000 USD – 25,000 USD = 5,000 USD

Some people confuse retained earnings with equity, yet equity is calculated by subtracting total liabilities from total assets. Retained earnings are only a fraction of total assets, so retained earnings provide a deeper insight into a company’s financial stability.

How Bookkeeper use Retained Earnings.

Your bookkeeper in Melbourne is your best decision on how to use your business capital effectively. It helps keep capital in the business instead of selling it, so when they make sure that retained earnings can harm the business even if it is profitable. They will stop paying shareholders.

Also, if the business is not profitable. Initially retained earnings can also be used for survival. The bookkeeper uses retained earnings for reinvestment when both are positive. A business needs capital to grow.


Business owners need to know the financial health of their business to make informed decisions about reinvestment and growth. Therefore, they should have a clear understanding of the items that best describe the condition and follow the bookkeeper’s advice.

Read Other: Accounting Services: Overview And Benefits


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