The World Health Organization declared Covid-19, also known as the coronavirus, a global pandemic. Additionally, there are a few crucial steps that individuals can do to combat this pandemic while the nations struggle with the immediate risks that this virus poses to humanity.
COVID-19 is a respiratory illness that particularly affects the respiratory system, which includes the lungs. Breathing issues resulting with COVID-19 can range in severity from minor to serious. Older persons and those with additional medical issues including diabetes, cancer, or heart disease may experience more severe symptoms. This post explains how the novel coronavirus causes these effects to your lungs.
Coronavirus and its effect on the lungs
The coronavirus family includes SARS-CoV-2, the source of COVID-19.
The mucous membranes that border your nose, mouth, and eyes come into contact with the virus once it has entered your body. The virus penetrates a healthy cell and makes new virus components there. As it replicates, adjacent cells are infected by the new viruses. Imagine your respiratory system as an uprooted tree. Your trachea, or windpipe, is the trunk. In your lungs, it divides into progressively smaller branches. Alveoli, which are tiny air sacs, are located at each branch’s end. Here, oxygen enters your blood and carbon dioxide is expelled.
Your respiratory tract can become infected by the novel coronavirus in either the upper or lower segment. It passes through your airways. It is possible for the lining to irritate and inflame. The infection may occasionally penetrate all the way to your alveoli.
Scientists are constantly learning more about the effects of the newly discovered disease COVID-19 on the lungs. The effects on your body are said to be comparable to those of Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS), two additional coronavirus disorders (MERS).
Moderate and Mild Cases
Your immune system responds to the virus as it spreads through your respiratory system. Your airways and lungs enlarge and erupt in inflammation. This may begin in one lung area and spread. Approximately 80% of COVID-19 patients experience mild to moderate symptoms. You can experience a sore throat or a dry cough. Some people suffer pneumonia, a lung infection that causes inflamed alveoli.
On a chest X-ray or CT scan, doctors can detect evidence of respiratory inflammation. They might detect what they refer to as “ground-glass opacity”.
How to strengthen immunity against Covid-19?
- Enhance Your Diet
Your general health and immunity are significantly influenced by the food you eat. Consume low-carbohydrate foods to lower your blood pressure and blood sugar levels. A low-carb diet will reduce the progression of diabetes, and you should concentrate on eating a protein-rich diet to stay in shape. Regularly consume vegetables and fruits rich in beta carotene, ascorbic acid, and other essential vitamins. To strengthen the body’s resistance to infections, some foods like mushrooms, tomatoes, bell peppers, and green vegetables like broccoli and spinach are also ideal choices.
- Do not compromise on sleep
The greatest strategy to help your body develop immunity is to get 7-8 hours of quality sleep; less sleep will make you weary and affect how well your brain functions. Lack of sleep prevents the body from recovering, which affects other biological processes and directly affects your immunity.
- Stay hydrated
To stay hydrated, sip up to 8 to 10 glasses of water each day. Drinking plenty of water will lessen your risk of getting the flu by helping your body remove toxins. To fight the heat, other options include coconut water and citrus fruit liquids.
- Relax yourself
These are trying times, and spending a lot of time inside has an effect on your mental health. Another issue that is frightening millions of people around the world is the growing anxiety surrounding the pandemic. Although the uncertainty may feel overwhelming, there are some routine actions we can take to assist reduce our stress because stress is known to have a negative impact on immunity.