In order to prevent significant consequences from diabetes, early detection and treatment are essential. Doctors and patients can take action to stop irreparable harm to the heart, kidneys, eyes, nerves, blood vessels, and other essential organs when a blood sugar issue is found. 

Patients can overcome diabetes and even enter remission with the help of basic diagnostics for early detection. Learn more by reading on.

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Reasons why early detection is important? 

Treatment of the problem is a common focus of diabetic management. Although treatment is crucial, the chance of effective changes occurring early in the illness process is increased by early identification. 

Early diabetes detection may be advantageous for both the patient and the healthcare system for a variety of reasons. It offers the chance to address diabetes-related heart disease risk factors and excessive blood sugar levels. Long-term consequences like cardiovascular disease and stroke may affect those who are unaware that anything is wrong.

Furthermore, untreated diabetes frequently leads to expensive consequences that may be avoided. If individuals are aware of their condition and take steps to treat it, hospital stays may be avoided.

What is diabetes? 

Diabetes is a condition where your body is unable to convert food you eat into energy effectively. The bloodstream then becomes more sugary. As a result, there are two issues: the cells do not receive the energy they require, and blood sugar levels rise. Hyperglycemia, also referred to as high blood sugar, harms the body’s tissues and organs. In other words, this is why diabetes is a medical problem that has the potential to be dangerous. 

Normally, after eating, your body converts food into glucose-containing sugar molecules. Your blood glucose level rises as a result of the particles entering the bloodstream, telling the pancreas to release insulin. A hormone called insulin instructs cells in the body to allow glucose to enter.

Diabetes is characterised by either improper insulin production by the pancreas or improper insulin response by the body’s cells. Because of this, glucose accumulates in the blood, causing high blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, in diabetics. Hyperglycemia over time can harm blood vessels and nerves.

How can you diagnose diabetes? 

If a person has diabetes, a blood test can reveal this. To check for diabetes, doctors frequently use two tests. 

The glycated form of haemoglobin is measured in a test known as a haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) test to ascertain the three-month average blood sugar level. The procedure for this blood test lasts about a minute, and the results are typically ready in two to three days. The HbA1c should be less than 5.7%. 5.7 to 6.4% of people have prediabetes. Diabetic status is determined by a result of 6.5% or above.

A fasting blood glucose, or fasting blood sugar (FBS) test, is another way a doctor might use a blood test to determine if you have diabetes. This blood test gauges the blood’s basal (base) sugar levels. The patient must go without food or liquids for at least eight hours before testing can be done. Testing is typically done in the morning. The exam can last five minutes, and the results might be accessible right away. FBS is typically 70–100 mg/dl (3.9–5.6 mmol/L). In order to confirm an abnormal blood sugar measurement, the doctor may repeat the fasting blood sugar test or request additional testing.

Is it possible to cure early diabetes? 

Since diabetes is a chronic condition, it might not get better. For patients with Type II Diabetes, it is feasible to stop some of the effects of the disease and establish recovery. When you have diabetes and are in remission, your blood sugar levels are within the normal range and you don’t need to take any medication to control them for at least six months. 

A good diet, regular exercise, and weight control will help your body use insulin more effectively and can help your prognosis if you have been diagnosed with diabetes. 

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